TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is a widely recognized English language proficiency test for non-native English speakers. It is used by universities, employers, and other organizations to assess the English language skills of people who speak English as a second or foreign language. The TOEFL test is developed and administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS).
The TOEFL test consists of four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Each section is designed to measure a different aspect of English language proficiency. The Reading and Listening sections are multiple-choice tests, while the Speaking and Writing sections are assessed through human evaluation. The TOEFL test is typically taken on a computer, although a paper-based version is also available in some locations.
The TOEFL test is scored on a scale of 0-120 points. The minimum score required to pass the test varies depending on the institution or organization that is administering the test. Some universities and employers may require a certain score on the TOEFL test as part of their admissions or hiring process.
Overall, the TOEFL test is an important tool for non-native English speakers who need to demonstrate their English language skills for academic or professional purposes.
When you choose the TOEFL iBT test to show your English proficiency, universities notice and know you’re ready to succeed. Accepted worldwide by more than 11,500 universities and institutions in over 160 countries, the TOEFL iBT test is the world’s premier English-language test for study, work and immigration.
The TOEFL iBT test is available almost anywhere in the world, with testing available in more than 200 countries and territories. View the full list of countries where the TOEFL iBT test is available.
Choose where and how you want to take the TOEFL iBT test: at a test center or at home. Some countries now offer the Paper Edition option as well. Learn more about testing options and choose the one that’s most convenient for you
Get the best testing experience possible with these enhancements to the TOEFL iBT test.
Use the table below to view the breakdown of each TOEFL iBT test section.
|Read passages and respond to questions
|Answer questions about brief lectures or classroom discussions
|4 t asks
|Talk about a familiar topic and discuss material you read and listened to
|Read a passage, listen to a recording, type your response
The TOEFL iBT Reading section assess how well you can read and understand materials used in an academic environment.
It includes three or four reading passages, each approximately 700 words long, with 10 questions per passage. You have 54 to 72 minutes to answer all the questions in the section.
Reading passages are excerpts from university-level textbooks that would be used in introductions to a topic. The passages cover a variety of subjects. Don’t worry if you’re not familiar with the topic of a passage. All the information you need to answer the questions will be included in the passage. There is a glossary feature available to define words not commonly used, if you need it.
The TOEFL iBT Listening section is designed to measure your ability to understand conversations and lectures in English. It includes listening for:
You’ll hear lectures and conversations in this section. Both use campus-based language.
You can take notes on any audio item throughout the test to help you answer questions.
Test time: You have 41 to 57 minutes to complete the section.
The TOEFL iBT Speaking section measures your ability to speak English effectively in academic settings. The four questions/tasks resemble real-life situations you might encounter both in and outside of a classroom.
Question 1: Independent Speaking Task — requires you to draw entirely on your own ideas, opinions and experiences when you respond.
Questions 2–4: Integrated Speaking Tasks — require you to combine your English-language skills — listening and speaking, or listening, reading and speaking — just as you would in or out of a classroom.
Prep time: You’ll get 15–30 seconds of preparation time before each response, and your response will be 45 or 60 seconds long.
Speaking response: To respond, you’ll speak into the microphone and your responses will be recorded.
Test time: You have 17 minutes to complete the Speaking section.
Scoring: Speaking tasks are scored based on the Speaking Scoring Guides (Rubrics) by a combination of AI scoring and certified human raters. Raw scores are converted to a scaled section score of 0–30.
The TOEFL iBT test Writing section measures your ability to write in English in an academic setting, and to present your ideas in a clear, well-organized way.
There are two writing tasks.
You’ll type your responses on a computer keyboard (or hand write them for the TOEFL iBT Paper Edition).
Test time: You have 50 minutes to complete the Writing section.
Scoring: Writing tasks are scored based on the Writing Scoring Guides (Rubrics) by a combination of AI scoring and certified human raters. Raw scores are converted to a scaled section score of 0–30.